We have heard commonly about sleep walking which is Somnabulism, but less has been know about ‘Talking in Sleep’—known as Somniloquy. It’s a type of parasomnia — an abnormal behavior that takes place during sleep. It’s a very common occurrence and is not usually considered a medical problem.
The nighttime chatter may be harmless, or could be more . Sometimes, listeners find the content offensive or vulgar. Sleep talkers normally speak for no more than 30 seconds per episode, but some people, sleep talk many times during a night.
This talk in sleep , may be exceptionally eloquent, or the words may be mumbled and hard to decipher. Sleep talking may involve simple sounds or long, involved speeches. Sleep talkers usually seem to be talking to themselves. But sometimes, they appear to carry on conversations with others. They may whisper, or they might shout. If you share a bedroom with someone who talks in his or her sleep, you might not be getting enough sound sleep.
Who talks in their sleep?
Many people talk in their sleep. Half of all kids between the ages of 3 and 10 years old carry on conversations while asleep, and a small number of adults — about 5% — keep chit-chatting after they go to bed. The utterances can take place occasionally or every night. A 2004 poll showed that more than 1 in 10 young children converse in their sleep more than a few nights a week.
Girls talk in their sleep as much as boys. And experts think that sleep talking may run in families.
What causes sleep talking?
You might think that sleep talking occurs during dreaming. But scientists still are not sure if such chatter is linked to nighttime reveries. The talking can occur in any stage of sleep.
Sleep talking usually occurs by itself and is most often harmless. However, in some cases, it might be a sign of a more serious sleep disorder or health condition.
REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and sleep terrors are two types of sleep disorders that cause some people to shout during sleep. Sleep terrors, also called night terrors, usually involve frightening screams, thrashing, and kicking. It’s hard to wake someone having a sleep terror. Children with sleep terrors usually sleep talk and sleepwalk.People with RBD yell, shout, grunt, and act out their dreams, often violently.
Sleep talking can also occur with sleepwalking and nocturnal sleep-related eating disorder (NS-RED), a condition in which a person eats while asleep.
Other things that can cause sleep talking include:
- Certain medications
- Emotional stress
- Mental health disorder
- Substance abuse
How is talking in your sleep treated?
There are no tests needed to diagnose sleep talking. However, your doctor may order tests, such as a sleep study or sleep recording (polysomnogram), if you have signs of another sleep disorder.
Sleep talking rarely requires treatment. However, severe sleep talking may be the result of another more serious sleep disorder or medical condition, which can be treated.
Homoeopathic medicines are of good help in such a condition .Apart from having no side effects, it takes care of the cause of sleep talking.
Few Homoeopathic medicines for Sleep talking are:
- Pulsatilla – chattering in sleep.
- Belladonna – restless, crying out in sleep. Kept awake by the pulsations of the blood vessels. Screams out in sleep.< any touch , movemen, jerk, noise.
- Baryta Carb– talking in sleep commonly in Old men .Twitching during sleep ,awakens frequently.
- Kali carbonicum-Drowsy after eating .Wakes up about 2 a.m and then cannot sleep. Light sleeper, wakes up with the slightest noise
- Nux vomica- Talks in sleep …. Ailments from too much of mental work ,mental strain, overstudy, drug abuse, over use of stimulants like tea, coffee, alcohol. The modern life style ,so to say !
Talks loudly in Sleep – Nux moschata , Sepia and Sulphur.
How can someone reduce his or her amount of sleep talking?
There is no known way to reduce sleep talking. Avoiding stress and getting plenty of sleep might make you less likely to talk in your sleep.
Keeping a sleep diary can help identify your sleep patterns and may help your doctor find out if an underlying problem is causing your sleep talking. Keep a sleep diary for two weeks. Note the times you go to bed, when you think you fell asleep, and when you woke up. Also make a mention of any medicine or alcohol or drugs consumed.